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Summary

Hans-Peter Höhener:

An unknown parchment map of the Valais from 1544 by Johannes Stumpf

Cartographica Helvetica 45 (2012) 3–14

Summary:

In 2008, primary teacher Claudy Raymond from the village of Saillon in Lower Valais purchased on eBay a parchment manuscript map of the Valais from a Frenchman. The distinguishable coat of arms on the map is a clear indication that the map was drawn by Johannes Stumpf (1500–1577/78) in 1544. The numerous place names and especially the road network render this a unique document. Prior to this map, Stumpf already drew a map of the Valais based on the map of Switzerland by Aegidius Tschudi printed in 1538. The wood-cut map by Stumpf published in his chronicle in 1547, for which the manuscript still exists, represents a generalization. The 1545 map of the Valais by Sebastian Münster from 1545 is based on the same material as Stumpf's 1544 map, namely a map by Johannes Schalbetter which today is lost. The parchment map was mentioned on several occasions in the 18th century, but then its traces were lost.


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